Greek Astronomy

Greek Astronomy Astronomy as a science began with the Ionian philosophers with whom Greek philosophy and mathematics also began While the Egyptians and Babylonians had accomplished much of astronomical worth it rem
  • Title: Greek Astronomy
  • Author: Thomas L. Heath
  • ISBN: 9780486266206
  • Page: 496
  • Format: Paperback
  • Astronomy as a science began with the Ionian philosophers, with whom Greek philosophy and mathematics also began While the Egyptians and Babylonians had accomplished much of astronomical worth, it remained for the unrivalled speculative genius of the Greeks, in particular, their mathematical genius, to lay the foundations of the true science of astronomy In this classicAstronomy as a science began with the Ionian philosophers, with whom Greek philosophy and mathematics also began While the Egyptians and Babylonians had accomplished much of astronomical worth, it remained for the unrivalled speculative genius of the Greeks, in particular, their mathematical genius, to lay the foundations of the true science of astronomy In this classic study, a noted scholar discusses in lucid detail the specific advances made by the Greeks, many of whose ideas anticipated the discoveries of modern astronomy.Pythagoras, born at Samos about 572 B.C was probably the first to hold that the earth is spherical in shape, while his later followers anticipated Copernicus with the then startling hypothesis that the earth was not the center of the universe but a planet like the others Heraclides of Pontus c 388 315 B.C , a pupil of Plato, declared that the apparent daily rotation of the heavenly bodies is due, not to a rotation of the heavenly sphere about an axis through the center of the earth, but to the rotation of the earth itself around its own axis Secondly, Heraclides discovered that Venus and Mercury revolve around the sun like satellites Perhaps the greatest astronomer of antiquity was Hipparchus, who flourished between 161 and 126 B.C He compiled a catalog of fixed stars to the number 850 or , made great improvements in the instruments used for astronomical observations, and discovered the precession of the equinoxes, among other accomplishments The astronomy of Hipparchus takes its definitive form in the Syntaxis commonly called the Almagest of Ptolemy, written about A.D 150, which held the field until the time of Copernicus.The extraordinary achievements of these and many Greek theorists are given full coverage in this erudite account, which blends exceptional clarity with a readable style to produce a work that is not only indispensable for astronomers and historians of science but easily accessible to science minded lay readers.
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      496 Thomas L. Heath
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      Posted by:Thomas L. Heath
      Published :2019-08-20T01:37:26+00:00

    2 thoughts on “Greek Astronomy

    1. Sir Thomas Little Heath was a British civil servant, mathematician and classical scholar.

    2. An anthology of early Greek cosmological thought prefaced by a sizeable introduction which summarises the reconstructed theories H views the various thinkers as part of one self conscious tradition This, of course, is only partly true The translations which make up the second half are serviceable and accessible Overall, an informative book that gives a decent impression of the various ways Greek thinkers tried to explain the presence and movement of the heavenly bodies H.s presentation of the va [...]

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